Kang Rae Cho

Contact information

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
7000 East Avenue
Livermore, CA 94550
email: cho9@llnl.gov
phone: 925 423 5008


Ph.D., Materials Science and Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles 2010
M.S., Metallurgical Engineering, Hanyang University 1999
B.E., Metallurgical Engineering, Dong-A University 1997


I am interested in researching biomineralization and protein assembly at the nano- and micrometer levels by in situ atomic force microscopy (AFM) in liquid environments.

Recent publications

Kang Rae Cho, James J. De Yoreo, “Probing protein assembly, biomineralization, and biomolecular interactions by atomic force microscopy”, NanoCellBiology - Multimodal Imaging in Biology & Medicine, Chapter 5 (p85-130), (Editors: Bhanu Jena, Douglas Taatjes, Print ISBN: 9789814411790), (2014-04-30).

Xia Long, Yurong Ma, Kang Rae Cho, Dongsheng Li, James J. De Yoreo, Limin Qi, “Oriented calcite micropillars and prisms formed through aggregation and recrystallization of poly(acrylic acid) stabilized nanoparticles”, Cryst. Growth Des., 13, 3856-3863 (2013).

Kang R. Cho, E. Alan Salter, James J. De Yoreo, Andrzej Wierzbicki, Selim Elhadj, Yu Huang, S. Roger Qiu, “Growth inhibition of calcium oxalate monohydrate crystal by linear aspartic acid enantiomers investigated by in situ atomic force microscopy”,

(Inside front cover, Also selected as a Hot Article), CrystEngComm, 15, 54-64 (2013).

Kang Rae Cho, E. Alan Salter, James J. De Yoreo, Andrzej Wierzbicki, Selim Elhadj, Yu Huang, S. Roger Qiu, “Impact of chiral molecules on the formation of biominerals: a calcium oxalate monohydrate example”, Cryst. Growth Des., 12, 5939-5947 (2012).

Keith M. Bromley, Rajamani Lakshminarayanan, Mitchell Thompson, Sowmya B. Lokappa, Victoria A. Gallon, Kang Rae Cho, S. Roger Qiu, Janet Moradian-Oldak, “Amelogenin processing by MMP-20 prevents protein occlusion inside calcite crystals”, Cryst. Growth Des., 12, 4897-4905 (2012).

Kang R. Cho, Yu Huang, Shuiliang Yu, Shaoman Yin, Marco Plomp, S. Roger Qiu, Rajamani Lakshminarayanan, Janet Moradian-Oldak, Man-Sun. Sy, James J. De Yoreo, “A multistage pathway for human prion protein aggregation in vitro: from multimeric seeds to β-oligomers and non-fibrillar structures”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 133, 8586-8593 (2011).